This service commemorates the Battle of Britain and the Commonwealth contribution to an Allied victory.
As a prelude to invasion, the German Air Force or Luftwaffe mounted nightly attacks on Britain between July and October 1940. Targets included coastal convoys, airfields, radar stations, factories and eventually cities. The aim was to gain air superiority and cause mass civilian damage in a campaign commonly known as the Blitz.
This service takes place close to 15 September, which is known as Battle of Britain Day in the United Kingdom. On this day in 1940, the Luftwaffe launched their largest bombing attack yet, with the whole Royal Air Force called on to defend London and South East England. The British victory on this day marked the turning point of the battle.
Pilots from many countries fought in the Battle of Britain. 537 fighter pilots died during the prolonged air battle, including 10 of the 35 Australians.
Reviewed 01 February 2021